Geography Canada is the second largest country in the world by land area covering 9.98 million square kilometers, and it borders three oceans: the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic.
Weather Canada experiences four distinct seasons in most regions, with a varied climate ranging from mild to very cold winters. The northern regions of Canada are known for their harsh winter climates.
Population As of 2021, Canada has a population of approximately 38 million with over 80% living in urban centers in the southern regions of the country.
Language Canada has two official languages, English and French. English is the most commonly spoken language, but French is prevalent in Quebec and some other regions.
Currency The Canadian dollar is the official currency and is commonly denoted with the symbol '$'. Coins come in denominations of 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, and one and two dollar coins. Banknotes come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 dollars.
Time zones Canada has six standard time zones covering a span of six hours, while some areas, such as Saskatchewan and parts of British Columbia, do not observe daylight saving time.
Visa Most travelers will require a visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to enter Canada. The eTA is for citizens of visa-exempt countries and is required for travelers arriving by air.
Transportation Canada is well-connected by road, air, and rail. Major cities have public transportation systems, and several airports offer international flights. The most common mode of transport between cities is by car.
Food Canadian cuisine is diverse and influenced by its multicultural population. Poutine, Nanaimo bars, maple syrup, and butter tarts are popular Canadian dishes.
Culture Canada is a multicultural and tolerant society that places a high value on diversity, inclusivity, and human rights. It is known for its friendly and polite residents.